Biomass Amreli

Project full name

10 MW Biomass Power Project in Amreli District, Gujarat, India

CDM Project number

4464

Description

The project activity proposes to utilize surplus biomass residues available in the Amreli District in the state of Gujarat for power generation. Biomass fuels available are cotton stalks, ground nut shell and prosopis juliflora. The technology employed is direct combustion of biomass in a boiler to generate high pressure steam to run a turbo generator. Due to the use of renewable biomass as fuel source, no additional GHG emissions will be generated. The estimated annual energy export to the state grid is 63.072 GWh.

Report summary

Key promises made by project proponents:

  • project activity will contribute to creation of social capital in the areas in which biomass is procured by the plant
  • besides providing direct employment for operation of power plant, project activity will also provide indirect employment to number of people in activities associated with biomass collection, processing and transportation
  • creation of value for waste residues will improve income levels for farmers and help them improve their standard of living
  • as project is deploying an air-cooled condenser, the amount of water consumed by the plant will be reduced to one tenth of the water used by conventional water-cooled condensers

Situation on the ground:

The Amreli District is well known for water shortages. However, depite this well know fact, this project activity was implemented, opering with ground water soruces, which causes further decrease of the ground water level and the availability of water for agricultural activities. As outlined in the Project Design Document (PDD), the project activity shall contribute to creation of social capital in the areas in which biomass is procured by the plant and provide employment opportunities for the local population, improving income levels for farmers and help them improve their standard of living. The project did not have positive effects on the income generation of the local population, as only INR 700 for 100kg of biomass are offered by the Biomass Amreli project. This price does not correspond to market value. Therfore, numerous farmers stopped selling biomass to the company as it is not profitable.

Biomass

Project participants

  • India: M/s Amreli Power Projects (P) Limited

Registration date

25 May 2011

Carbon credits issued to date

none

Exact location

Savar-Samapadar area
Amreli district
Gujarat
India

Relevant links at UNFCCC website

PDD
host country letter of approval
validation report

Sustainable development benefits

social well-being

sustainable development benefits according to claims made by project developers:

  • project proponent has intendent to allocate 3% of revenue generated through sale of CER to undertake socio-economic development activities in vicinity of plant in consultation with local authorities and in coordination with NGOs
  • while procuring biomass residues, large number of unemployed youth will be employed for collection and cutting on fields, loading and unloading and transportation to project site
  • project activity will contribute to creation of social capital in the areas in which biomass is procured by the plant
  • besides providing direct employment for operation of power plant, project activity will also provide indirect employment to number of people in activities associated with biomass collection, processing and transportation
  • project activity will contribute to removing social disparities by providing employment, especially to landless agricultural labourers
  • employment will be ensured throughout lifetime of project
  • provision of stable power to local grid will contribute to better standard of living of local population

sustainable development benefits according to reports:

Jobs

  • only 1 person employed by company
  • no employment given to local people, youth or landless agricultural labours in nearby villages

Welfare

  • community upliftment:
  • no socio-economic development activities have been carried out

economic well-being

sustainable development benefits according to claims made by project developers:

  • project will bring additional investment in rural area
  • project activity will create value for waste biomass residues like cotton stalks and juli flora and provide additional income to farmers
  • creation of value for waste residues will improve income levels for farmers and help them improve their standard of living
  • stabilisation of local grid will support establishment of new agro and other industries and benefit farmers in stabilizing the intermittent supply of power for agricultural activities
  • project activity will encourage agro and other cottage industries in area to be established

sustainable development benefits according to reports:

Growth 

  • new commercial activities: 
  • price of INR 700 for 100kg biomass not adequate
  • price does not correspond to market value
  • numerous farmeres stopped selling biomass to company as it is not profitable

environmental well-being

sustainable development benefits according to claims made by project developers:

  • project activity will reduce GHG emissions
  • problems of NOx and SOx emissions will be almost nil
  • as project is deploying an air-cooled condenser, the amount of water consumed by the plant will be reduced to one tenth of the water used by conventional water-cooled condensers
  • project activity will install electrostatic precipitator to prevent pollutants being released from the plant
  • project will help to manage agricultural waste/ agricultural residues in the region, which otherwise would cause negative environmental impacts due to dumping and burning in open air

sustainable development benefits according to reports:

Water 

  • accessibility of water: 
  • shortages in water availability well known before implementation of the project
  • project activity is operating with ground water, which is further decreasing the water level and water availabilty in the region
  • further water shortages in drinking water and agricultural activities

technological well-being 

sustainable development benefits according to claims made by project developers:

  • the technology adopted in the project activity is a good example of state-of-the-art technologies developed within the state of power generation and would set an example for others to follow, thus positively contributing to technological well-being

Sources and Materials

Sources

  • Glimpse from Ground: Analysis of selected CDM projects by Gujarat Forum on CDM

Organisations working on project

  • Gujarat Forum on CDM
  • Paryavaran Mitra

Last update

05.12.2014


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