Biomass Bhagwati Vintrade

Project full name

Biomass based cogeneration project at Bhagwati Vintrade, Ramgarh, and Jharkhand, India

CDM Project number

7444

Description

The biomass based cogeneration project involves the installation of a new renewable biomass (rice husk) based cogeneration unit. The plant is expected to generate about 95,040 tonnes of steam and 9.504 GWh electricity per annum. In absence of the project activity the equivalent amount of power and steam would have been generated from more carbon intensive sources such as burning of fossil fuels. The project activity reduces 31,646 tCO2e/ annum greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) over a crediting period of ten years. an equal number of trees that have been felled have been sown on other land.

Report summary

Key promises made by project proponents:

  • the project activity would help to alleviate poverty in the area as it creates employment opportunities for the local people during the construction, operation and maintenance phases and also through transportation of biomass material to the project plant
  • besides the GHG emission reduction, the project activity also reduces emission of SOx, NOx, etc. associated with the combustion of fossil fuels
  • better handling of biomass, thus improvement of the locality by way of proper disposal of surplus biomass

Situation on the ground:

Employment opportunities have been created for the local population, however, only a very small number of people are actually working for the project activity. Main reason for this is the availability of skilled labourers in the area. The claim made in the Project Design Document (PDD) to benefit local people with employment opportunities during the construction, operation and maintenance phases, is therefore complied with in only a limited way. Trainings to provide local people with necessary skills are not made available. Farmers in the nearby areas are forced to sell their paddy under market value, which is negatively influencing their income generation and does not contribute to an alleviation of poverty in the area. The disposal of burnt rice husk depleted the availability of ground water with adverse effects on the agricultural productivity.


Project participants

  • India:
  • M/s Bhagwati Vintrade Private Limited

Registration date

none

Carbon credits issued to date

28 December 2012

Exact location

Bongaba
Ramgarh district
Jharkhand
India

Relevant links at UNFCCC website

PDD
host country letter of approval
validation report

Sustainable development benefits

social well-being

sustainable development benefits according to claims made by project developers:

  • the project activity would help to alleviate poverty in the area as it creates employment opportunities for the local people during the construction, operation and maintenance phases and also through transportation of biomass material to the project plant

sustainable development benefits according to reports:

Jobs

  • company claims that employment opportunities are provided to 25% of the villagers of Bongabar, however only 5-6 % are on payroll
  • labours from other areas have been hired
  • main reason for this is the gap between the demand and availability of skilled labour in Bongabar
  • income generation:
  • minimum support price per quintal of paddy stated is Rs 1250
  • farmers are forced to sell paddy at lower prices of about Rs 600-900/ quintal of paddy
  • agricultural productivity negatively influenced by disposal of burnt rice husk

economic well-being

sustainable development benefits according to claims made by project developers:

  • project activity will help to bridge the gap of electricity demand and supply at local as well as national level
  • employment generation for the local population which results in economic well- being
  • project activity will help in conservation of fast depleting natural resources like fossil fuels thereby contributing to the economic well being of country as a whole

environmental well-being

sustainable development benefits according to claims made by project developers:

  • electrical and thermal energy is generated by the biomass based cogeneration plant which replaces carbon emission intensive fossil fuels
  • as renewable biomass is considered to be GHG neutral fuel, combustion of biomass in this project activity does not result in net increase of GHG emissions
  • besides the GHG emission reduction, the project activity also reduces emission of SOx, NOx, etc. associated with the combustion of fossil fuels
  • better handling of biomass, thus improvement of the locality by way of proper disposal of surplus biomass

sustainable development benefits according to reports:

Water

  • accessibility to water: 
  • disposal of burnt rice husk has depleted the ground water availability in the area and degraded the agricultural productivity

technological well-being

sustainable development benefits according to claims made by project developers:

  • technology facilitating use of biomass material for cogeneration is environmentally safe
  • success of the project will help in diffusion of knowledge about renewable energy technology to the other power producers and will also promote the generation of green power in the region
  • dissemination of this project will improve technological scenario and thus contribute to technologicalgrowth related to the use of biomass for cogeneration in the state of Jharkhand

Sources and Materials

Sources

  • Laya field visit report

Organisations working on project

  • Laya

Last update

03.12.2014


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