GFL Gujarat

Project full name

Project for GHG emission reduction by thermal oxidation of HFC 23 in Gujarat, India

CDM Project number

0001

Description

GFL operates a HCFC 22 plant which is producing HFC 23 as a by-product. This gas is vented into the atmosphere as there are no regulations on the emission of HFC 23 in India due to the fact that it has no toxic effect.  The CDM project will take up thermal oxidation of HFC 23, enabling GFL to avoid emissions which would have been vented into the atmosphere in absence of the project. GFL will additionally install, operate and maintain a HFC 23 collection and thermal oxidation system to decompose HFC 23 into its products of combustion.

Report summary

Key promises made by project proponents:

  • sponsors are carrying out an Environmental Impact Assessment for the proposed Project Activity and implement an Environment Management Plan to effectively mitigate adverse environmental impacts of the project, if any
  • the project proponents propose to utilize part of the CDM revenues towards facilitating improved management of water resources by local communities

Situation on the ground:

The project activity has negative effects on the water pollution levels of the region as untreated waste water is released into the environment. Even though this problem has been reported and the company was aware about adverse impacts of waste water release, no efforts to stop water pollution or to invest in activities to promote sustainable development have been undertaken. Despite the promise to effectively mitigating adverse environmental impacts of the project, this CDM project has had severe effects on water pollution in the project area. Water pollution reached a health impacting level. People living in the most affected areas need to be provided water in tankers to cover their daily water needs.

  Industrial gases

Project participants

  • India: 
  • Gujarat Fluorochemicals Ltd.
  • UK:
  • Ineos Fluor Limited (withdrawn)
  • Nobel Carbon Credits Limited (withdrawn)
  • EDF Trading Ltd. (withdrawn)
  • Switzerland: 
  • Gujarat Fluorochemicals Ltd.
  • Netherlands:
  • Noble Carbon Credits Ltd. (withdrawn)
  • Italy:
  • Enel Trade S.p.A. (withdrawn)
  • Japan:
  • Sumitomo Corporation (withdrawn)

financial institutions involved:

  • Netherlands:
  • Rabobank International (withdrawn)

Registration date

08. March 2005

Carbon credits issued to date

55.867.887

Exact location



Gujarat
India

Relevant links at UNFCCC website

PDD
host country letter of approval
validation report

Sustainable development benefits

social well-being

sustainable development benefits according to claims made by project developers:

  • GFL committed to a total fund of INR 7 Croes (Euro 1.375 Million) approximately for the life of the entire CDM project out of revenues received once there is revenue stream from sale of CERs (carbon credits)
  • funds will be used for selected community development activities such as education, vocational training, employment, agriculture, sanitation, hygiene & environment, water management, medical and animal health, which will contribute significantly to the well-being of the local population and poverty alleviation
  • estimated community contribution for check dam construction of INR 50 lacs, half of which is proposed to be provided as a catalytic fund by the project promoters
  • GFL commits to employ 30-40 direct employees and generate indirect employment for several folds more in related and dependent areas
  • setting up of the unit shall provide some amount of income security to agricultural labourers in the regions
  • employment opportunity shall contribute to empowerment of vulnerable sections (agricultural and marginal labourers)
  • several operation and maintenance work is proposed to be outsourced to local contractors and the local labour and workman shall thus acquire new skills through a type of “on the job training”
  • increased income potential in construction, operation and maintenance of an operating facility shall result in capacity development of all persons involved in these phases of the project
  • increased activity and income on account of the project shall result in several redistribution benefits and cropping up of allied services
  • GFL suggested creation of an escow account in which the annual committed fund will be put and the expenses from this account will be subject to external audit

sustainable development benefits according to reports:

Welfare

  • community upliftment: 
  • claimed fund on INR 7 Croes (Euro 1.375 Million) for sustainable development activities has not been made use of
  • no activities to promote sustainable development at local level have been carried out

environmental well-being

sustainable development benefits according to claims made by project developers:

  • the project activity will result in significant reductions in GHG emissions
  • sponsors are carrying out an Environmental Impact Assessment for the proposed Project Activity and implement an Environment Management Plan to effectively mitigate adverse environmental impacts of the project, if any
  • the project is proposed in the existing plant premises and no new land is proposed to be procured and diverted to the project
  • the sponsors, in light of water scarcity in the region have in the past contributed to construction of water management structures like check dams etc and propose to utilize part of the CDM revenues towards facilitating improved management of water resources by local communities, as one of the activities
  • the sponsors, in light of the increasing incidence of cattle rearing as an income activity in the vicinity, shall use part of the income from CDM to facilitate improved management of cattle fodder by the local community
  • sponsors shall devote part of the income from proposed activity to create green belt on their premises and if permitted, undertake afforestation in village wastelands

sustainable development benefits according to reports:

Water

  • water management: 
  • water pollution due to untreated waste water from project activity
  • water needs to be provided in tankers to cover daily water needs
  • no efforts to stop water pollution undertaken by company, even though health and environment impacting water pollution level was known

Sources and Materials

Sources

  • Glimpse from Ground: Analysis of selected CDM projects by Gujarat Forum on CDM

Organisations working on project

  • Gujarat Forum on CDM
  • Paryavaran Mitra

Last update

03.12.2014


Speak Your Mind

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

XHTML: You can use these tags: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>