Lafarge Arasmeta

Project full name

Substitution of clinker with fly ash in Portland Pozzolana Cement (Blended Cement) at Lafarge India Pvt. Ltd. -Arasmeta Cement Plant

CDM Project number

0746

Description

Lafarge India is switching the type of cement produced in the Arasmeta Cement Plant. Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) which is highly GHG intensive and consumes excessive amounts of lime stone, electricity and fossil fuels will be replaced by Portland Porzolona Cement (PPC). The project entails planning, designing and producing PPC blend cement with incremental addition of additives, for example fly ash. Increased quantities of additives can be added in blended cement to substitute clinker and thus reduce CO2 emissions from cement kilns.

Report summary

Key promises made by project proponents:

  • project activity reduces land and air pollution at landfills where fly ash was previously being dumped and eliminates water contamination problems arising from landfill leaching

Situation on the ground:

The Lafarge Arasmeta project has major effects on the livelihood of the local residents. The constant blasting and mining activities that are carried out only 500m away from local villages damage houses and buildings of the community. The mining activities further cause strong dust pollution in the area which has negative influence on health conditions and agricultural productivity, which in in contrast to the promise in the Project Design Document (PDD) to reduce air pollution. Furthermore, due to the fact that 70-80% of local land has been required for mining purposes by the company and the respective decrease of availability agricultural land, the income security level of the local population has lowered.

  Fossil fuel switch

Project participants

  • India:
  • M/s Lafarge India Private Limited
  • France:
  • Lafarge SA

Registration date

11 February 2007

Carbon credits issued to date

79.592

Exact location

Arasmeta
Janjgri-Champa district
Chhattisgarh
India

Relevant links at UNFCCC website

PDD
host country letter of approval
validation report

Sustainable development benefits

social well-being

sustainable development benefits according to reports: 

Jobs 

  • income generation:
  • decrease of income security and income level due to decreased availability of agricultural land
  • land acquisition by company negatively influences agricultural productivity of local population

Health and safety

  • enhancing health services: 
  • doctors and nurses are available 8 hours a week under the implemented medical aid programme
  • only routine check ups are performed
  • no medicine is provided for villagers
  • health damaging pollution: 
  • dust pollution due to mining activities negatively influences health of the local population
  • increase of irritation of the respiratory tract and lung problems

Education

  • educational services: 
  • project proponent provides bus facilities for students studying in neighbouring area
  • no other facility for education provided
  • women receive training in stitching in 3 month courses
  • no further follow up on these skills
  • courses do not lead to employment of local women

Welfare

  • community upliftment: 
  • 70 -80% of local land has been required for mining purposes by company
  • land acquisition has adverse effect on peoples livelihood and leads to a decrease of income
  • negative impacts on houses due to continuous mining and blasting activities taking place 500 m away from villages

economic well-being

sustainable development benefits according to claims made by project developers:   

  • avoiding clinker usage and production will conserve energy
  • project expected to augment India’s overall development efforts in the utility sector and improve the availability of power in the region by eliminating power shortages
  • project indirectly influences development of waste management infrastructure and builds reciprocal symbiosis or an industrial ecological symbiosis within the value chain of different industries namely the cement and power sectors
  • project activity encourages opportunities for economical exchange of waste products and decrease cost of waste management symbiotically

environmental well-being

sustainable development benefits according to claims made by project developers:

  • the project activity facilitates fly ash utilization and thus reduces cost of waste handling and disposal on the part of coal fired thermal power plants
  • project activity reduces land and air pollution at landfills where fly ash was previously being dumped and eliminates water contamination problems arising from landfill leaching
  • replacing clinker leads to conservation of non-renewable natural resources like coal and limestone
  • project will reduce emissions of GHG

sustainable development benefits according to reports: 

Air 

  • noise pollution: 
  • air and noise pollution due to mining activities that are carried out only 500m away from local villages
  • dust: 
  • mining activities cause strong dust pollution in the area
  • daily life negatively influenced by pollution level

Land

  • tillage:
  • negative impacts on agricultural productivity due to particle pollution from mining activities

Sources and Materials

Sources

  • Glimpse from Ground: Analysis of selected CDM projects by Gujarat Forum on CDM

Organisations working on project

  • Gujarat Forum on CDM
  • Paryavaran Mitra

Last update

03.12.2014


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