Nallakonda wind farm

Project full name

Nallakonda wind farm in Andhra Pradesh

CDM Project number

8791

Description

The project activity, an initiative by Tadas Wind Energy Limited (TWEL), is aimed at exporting 50.4 MW of renewable electricity generated using Wind Electric Generators (WEGs) to the southern regional grid. The project activity shall help in reducing power shortage, abatement of Green House Gas (GHG) emissions and contribute towards sustainable development of the country.

Report summary

Key promises made by project proponents:

  • the project activity would lead towards development of infrastructure like construction of roads and expansion of telecommunication network

Situation on the ground:

The CDM project Nallakonda wind farm in Andhra Pradesh is undermining local community based eco-restoration efforts through the installation of a 50MW wind park. Tadas Wind Energy limited chose Kalpavalli and the surrounding areas to set up 48 wind turbines because studies showed that the area had high potential for wind energy. Despite the area then being covered by forests, both the government and the company referred to obsolete revenue records which classed the area as “wastelands”. Twenty years ago the area was barren, but over the last two decades local volunteer organizations have worked together with eight villages to slowly nurture the area back to life. 7000 acres of land became protected and regenerated into a forest by the people of the Kogir, Mushtikovila, Shyapuram and Kambalapalli villages . Now these conservation efforts are being harmed by the set-up of wind turbines (0.8 MW capacity/unit) in this community forest area due to the Nallakonda CDM project with direct negative environmental and social impacts. Neighboring communities to the project identified several negative effects on the environment, such as heavy deforestation, land degradation, affected water bodies and biodiversity loss caused by the project activity.

During installation work the wind energy company has violated national and state level forest protection and biodiversity conservation laws. A violation of Article 21 of the Indian Constitution has been committed, which grants ‘Right to Life for all’ and contempt of the definition of Forest given by the H’ble Supreme Court of India.

Wind

Project participants

  • India:
  • M/s Tadas Wind Energy Limited

Registration date

22 March 2013

Carbon credits issued to date

none

Exact location

Gondipalli, Duddebanda, Kogira, Mustikovilla
Anantpur district
Andhra Pradesh
India

Relevant links at UNFCCC website

PDD
host country letter of approval
validation report

Sustainable development benefits

social well-being

sustainable development benefits according to claims made by project developers:

  • the project activity would help in providing job opportunities to the local population during installation and operation of the Wind Electric Generators (WEGs)
  • employment generation would help poverty alleviation in the local community and bring about reduction in the disparity of income
  • the project activity would lead towards development of infrastructure like construction of roads and expansion of telecommunication network
  • these factors will give a boost to the social amelioration of the community and would also help in improving the living standards of the local community

sustainable development benefits according to reports:

Jobs

  • only a very small number of locals have been employed at the project site
  • at construction phase of the project, several employment opportunities were generated
  • after the final installation of wind turbines and gridline poles, there is very limited employment for local people
  • locals that employed are under continuous work contract with a salary far below the average income

Welfare

  • community upliftment:
  • no share of profit generated through project activity with local community and energy distribution
  • the construction of the project activity negatively impacts the local farmers, i.e shepherds who use this area for grazing
  • with the construction of roads the traditional grazing area has been badly affected as the animals cannot climb the steep walls created by the roads
  • this impacts the livelihoods of a large number of people from the area, as over 50,000 sheep from about 20 villages used this area for grazing
  • construction of the windmills has led to the lowering of the water level which is putting heavy burden on the ability of the local communities to continue the local farming
  • heavy damage to pasture routes
  • unauthorized water usage by wind park company for construction purposes and cooling of windmills decreases access to water for local villagers

economic well-being

sustainable development benefits according to claims made by project developers:

  • he electricity generated as a result of project activity will be fed to the regional grid, thereby improving the availability of electricity to the local consumers
  • this will further provide opportunities for industries and economic activities to be set up in the area resulting in greater local employment

sustainable development benefits according to reports:

Energy

  • access to energy:
  • communities continue to live without access to electricity
  • power generated is supplied to high voltage long distance transmission lines for supply to other than local areas and consumers

Growth

  • new infrastructure:
  • company has constructed mud roads to carry the equipment required to install the windmills and the grid line poles
  • roads have been constructed without proper engineering support and legal permission from the government.
  • as for infrastructural development and road construction the company has removed large chunks of dense vegetation in the area and this is causing massive soil erosion
  • roads are not suitable for monsoon rains, in the past the roads constructed have collapsed and the eroded soil and landslides are creating major damage to the ecology of the area

environmental well-being

sustainable development benefits according to claims made by project developers

  • the project activity produces electricity with the help of renewable energy
  • in the absence of project activity, power would have been generated using fossil fuels, leading to GHG emissions
  • the project activity not only helps in reducing GHG emissions but also help towards conservation of fossil fuels; therefore, the project activity is contributing towards mitigation of impacts of climate change and hence the environmental well being

sustainable development benefits according to reports:

Water

  • accessibility of water:
  • 40 kms of road construction has destroyed 79.3 ha (190 acres) of forest cover affecting the whole watershed flow to the streams, tanks, small water bodies and wells
  • internal water aquifers were cut, creating a drastic decline in water availability
  • massive spillage of construction debris has gone into fields and water bodies, further affecting water resources and livestock
  • the construction activity needed a huge amount of water
  • construction of the windmills has led to the lowering of the water leve
  • windmills need a constant supply of water for cooling, . this water is taken by the company from the traditional water bodies of the villages without permission and often without payment

Land

  • soil erosion:
  • massive soil erosion due to illegal road construction
  • deep cuts of about 3 to 4 meters have been made on these slopes to make roads, but without retaining walls, so this has lead to massive soil erosion
  • under the monsoon rains the constructed roads have collapsed and the eroded soil and landslides are creating major damage to the ecology of the area

Natural resources

  • species diversity:
  • 48 acres of vegetation area degraded for construction of 48 windmills
  • 200 hectars of vegetation destroyed for construction of roads for transportation of wind park material
  • vegetation has been removed and hilltops flattened on almost all hillocks in the area
  • construction led to loss of biodiversity
  • pollution through packaging materials and construction debris

technological well-being

sustainable development benefits according to claims made by project developers:

  • WEGs deployed in the project activity are from well-known international manufacturer; the technology is proven and ensures efficient and safe operation of the project activity

Local stakeholder engagement

local stakeholder consultation according to information given in the PDD:

  • comments from local stakeholders were invited through a local stakeholder meeting conducted at Gandhi Circle, Near TDPO Office, Penukonda Village in Anantpur district, Andhra Pradesh on 08/06/2012
  • public notice was published in the local daily named ‘Metro Evenings’ and in an English newspaper named ‘Voice of Words’ dated 25/05/2012 inviting all interested employees, community members, wind turbine suppliers, environment regulators, NGOs and local citizens for the stakeholder consultation meeting
  • the meeting was attended by the following stakeholders: representatives from TWEL, representatives from Enercon (India) Ltd., representatives from IL&FS Environmental and Infrastructure Services Limited, local villagers
  • the stakeholders were introduced to the project activity by a representative from the Enercon team
  • the representatives from Enercon and TWEL gave detailed information to the stakeholders about the wind power project
  • a description of how electricity is generated from wind power was explained
  • the role of the project activity in mitigating the GHG emissions and benefits to the people in terms of improvement in pollution levels were also highlighted

local stakeholder consultation according to reports:

The local stakeholder consultation process for this CDM project was inconclusive. Villagers directly impacted by the project have not been invited to the local stakeholder consultation. Part IX of the Constitution of India enshrines the power of the Panchayats, which is the smallest unit of governance comprising a group of villages and powers given to the Gram Sabha, a meeting where all members of the village above voting age are eligible to attend and give their opinion. Yet, neither the state government nor the company discussed the setting up of the project with these local governance bodies. Meetings were only held with government officials and elected representatives. Most villagers were completely unaware about a local stakeholder consultation. Announcements were made in English within a local newspaper. However, it needs to be noticed that the majority of the villagers cannot speak English. , Through discussions with local villagers of the affected area, it was confirmed there was no announcement or notice in the villages, village governance body meetings, or in the widely circulated local language newspapers. It was only when the roads needed to be constructed that a process of involving the community was conducted. When concerns were raised about the effects on the cattle grazing nearby, villagers were assured that the project would not have any impacts on grazing, but that has not been the case.

Sources and Materials

Sources

Organisations working on project

  • SPWD

Last update

03.12.2014


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