Phillips Carbon Black Palej

Project full name

Process Waste Heat utilization for power generation at Phillips Carbon Black Limited, Gujarat

CDM Project number

0309

Description

The project activity involves the generation of electricity by utilizing process flue gases from carbon black manufacturing as fuel. The power generation process involves recovery and utilization of the thermal energy of the process waste gas (i.e. tail gas) being produced from carbon black manufacturing process, which was earlier getting lost in the atmosphere in the form of waste heat. This waste heat/ gas is utilized for the generation of steam which in turn is used to generate electrical energy. The excess electricity available after meeting the in-house power demand of Phillips Carbon Black Limited (PCBL) plant is exported to the GEB (Gujarat Electricity Board) grid.

Report summary

Key promises made by project proponents:

  • PCBL will provide education and health care facilities for its employees, their families and the community at large
  • reduction in generation from thermal sources helps in related pollution abatement and in reduction of GHG emissions in form of CO₂

Situation on the ground:

Opposing the promises given in the PDD to provide education and health care facilities for its employees, their families and the community at large, neither educational nor basic health care services are available for the local population in the surrounding area of the project activity. Carbon black, a by-product of the project activity has negative effects of the local air quality, the agricultural fields and crops as well as human health. The International Agency for Research on Cancer ascertained that short-term exposure to high concentrations of carbon black dust may produce discomfort to the upper respiratory tract and that carbon black is possibly carcinogenic to humans.

Fossil fuel switch Fossil fuel switch

Project participants

  • India
  • M/s Philips Carbon Black Limited
  • Sweden:
  • Carbon Asset Services Sweden AB (withdrawn)
  • Switzerland:
  • Carbon Asset Management Sweden AB (withdrawn)

Registration date

29 May 2006

Carbon credits issued to date

329.204

Exact location

Palej
Bharuch District
Gujarat
India

Relevant links at UNFCCC website

PDD
host country letter of approval
validation report

Sustainable development benefits

social well-being

sustainable development benefits according to claims made by project developers:

  • PCBL will provide education and health care facilities for its employees, their families and the community at large
  • company involvement in number of philanthropic activities
  • benefits from the project activity partly contributes towards all the activities
  • knowledge, skill and self-confidence level of employees get enhanced with new technology and positive environmental benefits
  • project activity contributes to small increase in the local employment in the area of skilled jobs for operation and maintenance of equipment

sustainable development benefits according to reports:

Jobs 

  • permanent jobs: 
  • very few people employed in permanent positions
  • non-permanent jobs:
  • very few positins offered to local community
  • most people employed on contractural basis

Health and safety

  • health services: 
  • no health care facilities provided by company
  • basic health care is missing

Education 

  • education enhancement:
  • no education facilities provided by company

economic well-being

sustainable development benefits according to claims made by project developers:

  • being a waste to energy project the project activity has inherent economic benefits associated with it
  • generation of electrical energy from waste resources results in corresponding savings of fossil fuel combustion

environmental well-being

sustainable development benefits according to claims made by project developers:

  • since the project activity increases availability of power in the grid generated from a waste source, it positively contributes towards reduction in use of finite natural resource coal, minimizing depletion or else increasing its availability to other important processes •waste to energy project with obvious environmental benefits
  • reduction in generation from thermal sources helps in related pollution abatement and in reduction of GHG emissions in form of CO₂
  • project reduces thermal pollution by utilizing waste flue gases as fuel thereby restricting its release into the atmosphere

sustainable development benefits according to reports:

Air

  • SPM: 
  • negative impacts on local air quality due to carbon black, a by-product of the project activity

Land

  • tillage: 
  • adverse impacts on agriculture fields and crops due to carbon black, a by-product generated by the project activity

technological well-being

sustainable development benefits according to claims made by project developers:

  • with the project activity, the company upgrades its core production process to an energy efficient and cleaner process
  • technical skill and knowledge level of the employees of the organization would also improve by the same
  • project activity introduces a cleaner and energy efficient technology by enabling utilization of heat energy in process waste gas

Sources and Materials

Sources

  • Glimpse from Ground: Analysis of selected CDM projects by Gujarat Forum on CDM

Organisations working on project

  • Gujarat Forum on CDM
  • Paryavaran Mitra

Last update

03.12.2014


Speak Your Mind

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

XHTML: You can use these tags: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>