Sirsa Afforestation Project

Project full name

Small Scale Cooperative Afforestation CDM Pilot Project Activity on Private Lands Affected by Shifting Sand Dunes in Sirsa, Haryana

CDM Project number

2345

Description

The project proponent will earn carbon credits for planting trees. The project activity will help in mitigation of global warming and improve the local environmental condition of soil through increasing the water holding capacity in the lands and stabilize sand dunes by converting the marginal and degraded cropslands into forested lands. 369.87 hectare of mixed forest will be established.

Report summary

Key promises made by project proponents:

  • tree species to be used for planting have been determined by interviewing the farmers and taking into consideration of carbon sequestration rates, biodiversity enhancement, soil and climate conditions, and the value of associated forest products
  • increase of income and creation of employment opportunities and alleviation of poverty of local communities
  • analysis of the environmental impacts:
  • project activity area will contribute to stabilize shifting sand dune and alleviate wind erosion and and thus provide shelter for the neighbouring fertile fields
  • analysis of the socio-economic impacts:
  • Income generation: The project will open up certain new economic opportunities and enhance the income of the farmers through timber and fruit production besides earnings from the sale of carbon credits

Situation on the ground:

The afforestation project has very good effects on the environment of the area. The area has been affected by mild to severe sand storms causing that volumes of dust and sand have been blown up into the atmosphere polluting the surrounding areas. The planted trees decrease the level of soil erosion, enhance biodiversity and positively influence soil and climate conditions as it was indicated in the Project Design Document (PDD).

The area required for the afforestation project, however, minimizes the available farming land and agricultural productivity for the local residents. Revenues from carbon credits have been promised to all farmers that are part of an afforestation society. As carbon credits have not been received to date, payments have not been made to local residents. Local farmers started to convert afforestation land back into farming land due income shortcomings.

 Afforestation & reforestation

Project participants

  • India:
  • M/s Haryana CDM Variksh Kisan Samiti, Ellenabad, Sirsa

Registration date

23 March 2009

Carbon credits issued to date

none

Exact location



Haryana

Relevant links at UNFCCC website

PDD
host country letter of approval
validation report

Sustainable development benefits

social well-being

sustainable development benefits according to claims made by project developers:

  • increase of income and creation of employment opportunities and alleviation of poverty of local communities

sustainable development benefits according to reports:

Jobs

  • very few employment opportunities have been created
  • income generation:
  • generation of income adversely impacted due to acquisition of farming land for afforestation site

Welfare

  • community upliftment:
  • society formed of local villagers is living close to the afforestation area
  • revenues from carbon credits have been promised to all farmers that are part of this society
  • no carbon credits have been generated yet, therefore no payments have been made to members of the society
  • the size of the acquired area does influence the agricultural activities of the local farmers
  • local farmers started to convert afforestation land back into farming land due to lack of income and payments by the project proponent

environmental well-being

sustainable development benefits according to claims made by project developers:

  • project area for most part a degraded crop land
  • area affected by mild to severe sand storms blowing up volumes of dust and sand into the atmosphere and polluting the surrounding areas
  • climate is arid, characterized by dryness and extremes of temperature
  • area is also vulnerable to high velocity wind storms during the months of May and June
  • tree species to be used for planting have been determined by interviewing the farmers and taking into consideration of carbon sequestration rates, biodiversity enhancement, soil and climate conditions, and the value of associated forest products
  • to conserve the soil carbon stock and minimize the GHG emissions from the soil, zero tillage will be practiced
  • existing vegetation will not be removed and small pits of size 45 cm x 45 cm x 45 cm will be dug
  • in the first two years castor crop etc will be grown by dibbling seeds without tilling of land thus ensuring that the land over which soil disturbance is caused due to both tree planting and castor growing will be less than 3% of the total project area
  • the species have been selected by the project participants under the guidance of the Haryana Forest Department taking into account their carbon sequestration potential, biodiversity enhancement, soil and climate conditions and the value of associated forest products whereas the rotation fixing has been largely a professional job by the forest department

sustainable development benefits according to reports:

Land 

  • soil erosion:
  • planted trees have positive effects on the decrease of soil erosion

Natural resources

  • protecting/enhancing species diversity: 
  • biodiversiy is enhanced
  • soil and climate conditions positively influenced

technological well-being

sustainable development benefits according to claims made by project developers:

  • the technology to be employed under this pilot project is afforestation through direct planting of chosen species
  • environment friendly technologies like use of vermi-compost, mulching and spot irrigation will be used
  • national and international forestry experts will also be consulted for this purpose but there will be no transfer of technology from an Annex 1 country to the host country

Sources and Materials

Sources

  • Glimpse from Ground: Analysis of selected CDM projects by Gujarat Forum on CDM

Organisations working on project

  • Gujarat Forum on CDM
  • Paryavaran Mitra

Last update

03.12.2014


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